Working Paper (Submission Guidelines)
The changing international environment, following the advent of globalisation and end of cold war politics has made it imperative for both practitioners and scholars to rethink and redefine the existing framework on which foreign policy operated. Foreign relations are in fact developed in the context of the security environment in which the nations are geographically located. However, security issues are no longer seen in the pure realist term of preserving the national security of the states in terms of territory only. States have aligned and realigned to further their national interest by forming new regional and economic blocs, while brushing aside historical and cultural hostility, and arriving at consensus over various issues of global concerns.
At the fifth annual meeting of the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) in New York, 22 September, President Obama stated, “Around the world, even as we pursue a new era of engagement with other nations, we’re embracing a broader engagement – new partnerships between societies and citizens, community organizations, business, faith-based groups”.
Thus building partnerships based on mutual interests and mutual respect is driving the current thrust of relations around the world. Thus the spirit of partnership is a defining feature of foreign policy. With development as a key element of foreign policy – nations are working together, by seeking more exchanges between students and experts, new collaborations among scientists to promote technological development, partnerships between businesses, entrepreneurs to advance prosperity and opportunity for people everywhere.
You must be the change you want
to see in the world.
- Mahatma Gandhi
The only alternative to
coexistence is codestruction.
- Jawaharlal Nehru
On the other hand a large number of extremists are committed to the destruction of societies; nations will have to come together to offset the prophecy of the clash of civilization. Such efforts, further reinforces the need for the building of new partnerships across regions and religions, non-governmental organizations and ordinary citizens to work toward good governance, transparent institutions and basic services on which security depends.
The objective of the centre is to advance analysis of foreign policy and security issues and contribute to the expansion of knowledge of Indian and international security issues and policy and generate an awareness amongst the public at large. GNLU seeks to address the decision makers, strategic planners, academics and the media in India, South Asia and the world. The aim of the centre is to provide a platform for scholars, institutions and practitioners of foreign relation analysis, security studies, area studies, international law to interact and provide another point of view for the decision makers at both the national and international level.
To undertake academic research leading to solutions to the challenges facing India, South Asia and the Globe. The centre shall provide timely analysis of India’s foreign policy and international affairs and recommend policy alternatives, with the belief that security and world stability are best advanced through a commitment to peace, justice and environmental protection as well as economic, political, and social rights.
To provide a forum for discussion/debate and interaction among all stakeholders in the policy process.
To build collaborative networks of researchers, policy-makers and business representatives, media and citizens nationally and internationally.
To disseminate our findings and views through publications, seminars and conferences.
Since the study of Foreign policy analysis is very diverse and also multidisciplinary in nature, the centre would undertake the following programs:
Publications: it aims at providing an open forum for academicians and practitioners (diplomats) which will enhances the communication of concepts, ideas across theoretical, methodological, geographical and disciplinary boundaries. The centre shall also undertake the publication of commentaries, briefs, and reports and organizes briefings for the public, media, lawmakers, and legislative staff. It shall also invite academicians and experts to write for newspapers and magazines.
Forums: Conduct regular seminars/workshops/debates integrating theoretical and practical aspect of foreign policy process, causes or output of decision making by bring together on a common platform scholars, state-actors, non-state-actors and citizens setting effective multilateral solutions to national, regional and global problems.
Media: Generating awareness amongst the civil society, through the media, in building private and voluntary sector partnerships to support progressive policy through effective public diplomacy while also underpinning the role of citizens in international policies.
The overall aims of the centre is to amplify the voice of progressives thinkers and to build links with state-actors, media and civil society within and outside the state and advance and influence debate and discussion among academics, activists, citizens policymakers, and decision-makers.
Inauguration of GNLU Centre for Foreign Policy Studies and Book Launch South Asian Security - Wednesday, 9 December 2009
GNLU invites all persons interested in South Asian Security and Indian Foreign Policy to a unique collaborative event between three universities - GNLU, Gujarat University and M. S. University to launch a book published by GNLU Faculty - Mr Manan Dwivedi - South Asian Security and launch of GNLU Centre for Foreign Policy Studies. The launch will take place on Wednesday, 9 December 2009 at 16.00 hours at Senate Hall, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad.
Launch of Book - South Asian Security - Manan Dwivedi (GNLU)
Commentary on Book - Prof Amit Dholakia (M.S.University, Baroda)
Future of Indian Foreign Policy: Opportunities and Challenges - Prof Bimal N. Patel (GNLU)
Role of Civil Society Institutions in Indian Foreign Policy - Prof S. Devare, Director-General, Indian Council of World Affairs, Delhi
Address by Prof Ramesh Goyal, Vice-Chancellor, M. S. University
Address by Dr Parimal Trivedi - Vice-Chancellor, Gujarat University
Venue: Senate Hall, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad
Israeli Ambassador Sofer outlines prospects of Indo-Israel Relations in the next decade at GNLU, Monday, 30 August 2010
GNLU marked another milestone in its journey towards contributing to legal infrastructure to the nation, when it inaugurated the Distinguished Ambassador Lecture Series. His Excellency Ambassador Mr Mark Sofer, Ambassador of Israel to India, inaugurated the series by delivering an address on Indo-Israel Political, Economic and Security Relations in the Next Decade on Monday, 30 August 2010. The Israeli delegation included Ambassador Sofer, Mrs. Oran Sagiv, Consul General of Israel in Mumbai and Ms. Sharon Rappaport, Second Secretary, Political Affairs, Embassy of Israel in New Delhi.
Presiding over the function Ambassador Sofer appreciated GNLU efforts to contribute to create better understanding on bilateral ties between nations, in this instance, India- Israel ties. He provided an excellent overview of the current relationship and also outlined challenges and prospects both countries are facing in the next decade in their bilateral relations. He stated that although India did not maintain a close diplomatic relations with Israel for almost more than forty years but a lot has changed post 1992. Post 1948 India-Israel relation was so negative as India voted against the establishment of Israel as a State for which even till 1991 an Indian was not allowed to go to Israel but now at this moment Israel is among the top 5 embassies in India. He remains astonished that why India and Israel did not enter into diplomatic relationship for such a long time despite both the countries having a similar history of colonization and partition. Besides, there is an age old relations that dates back to the two great civilizations. He pondered that rather than looking at the past years of difference let us understand why such huge changes have taken place. According to Ambassador Sofer, India-Israeli relationship has been bubbling into different directions. The Ambassador stated that India has a proper bilateral relation with Israel when it comes to Trade. He avoided commenting on the Defense Relationships but just said that it does exists. Both India and Israel need to free itself from internal shackles and move in the new direction toward a more normal and dynamic relationship. With change in leadership in both countries relationship between the two would also change.
The ambassador appreciated the initiative of being provided a platform where he could express his views to the academia unlike his usual diplomatic position where one tends to be constrained. Students and academia provides a space where an array of issues can be discussed and which enable diplomats to learn and know the views of the general public.
Professor Bimal N. Patel, GNLU, welcomed the Israeli delegation and made remarks on economic, cultural, military, political ties between the two democracies, in his welcome address. Director Patel expressed his hope that India and Israel will be able to achieve the target of $12 billion US dollars by 2012-13, once the free trade agreement is put in place. In his welcome remarks, he invited Ambassador Sofer to encourage a team of vice-chancellors and heads of institutions to visit India for promoting further academic and research ties, to send a team of students to visit institutions of academic and research excellence and to realize an initiative of exchange of judges and jurists of both countries under the Indo-Israel Legal Colloquium which was signed between the heads of judiciary of the two nations last year.
Dr. William Nunes, Director of the GNLU Centre for Foreign Policy and Security Studies, highlighted the objective of the GNLU centre for foreign policy and security studies. The objective is to provide a fillip to the analysis of foreign policy and security issues and contribute to the expansion of knowledge of Indian and international security policies and generate an awareness amongst the public at large. GNLU seeks to address the decision makers, strategic planners, academicians and media in India, South Asia and the world. He reiterated that the GNLU endeavors to provide a platform for scholars, institutions and practitioners of foreign relation analysis, security studies, area studies, international law to interact and provide an independent point of view for decision makers and decision seekers in India and also in the rest of the global arena.
Lt. General (R) Andi M. Ghalib, Ambassador of Republic of Indonesia to India delivered lecture at GNLU under ambassador lecture series, Wednesday, 20 July 2011
The Indonesian Ambassador H.E. Lt. Gen. (Retd) Andi M. Ghalib along with Councellor Leonard F. Hutabarat, Councellor –Political Affaris and Dr. Son Kuswadi Education attaché visited GNLU today and H.E the ambassador addressed the Students today, Wednesday, 20 July 2011.
The Ambassador emphasised on the cultural relations and similarities India and Indonesia share since ancient time and also how Sanskrit has been engraved into their culture. He also mentioned of the Epic Ramayana and Mahabharata and that the King of Indonesia was being trained at Nalanda.
Post Colonial relations between Nehru and Sukarno was also marked with common ideology in term of anti-imperialism, freedom and security. The two leaders shared solidarity and were the key figures, the two pillars of the Bandung Conference of 1955 and Non-Aligned Movement. On the basis of their similar world views, both countries built an enduring friendship and mutually beneficial cooperation.
India- Indonesian relations were marked by certain ups and downs but in the recent years periodic ministerial and official levels discussion has once again helped the two nations to strengthen economic and commercial ties.
The Look East Policy provides much wider scope not only for development but also provides a level playing field better than the ones offered by Europe and North America. Indonesia is the third fastest developing economy in Asia with economic growth of 4.5% in 2010 and the same is expected to grow to 5.6 % by the end of 2011. Furthermore, the New Investment Law provides for more freedom and protection for investments in all sectors. It looks forward to strengthen partnership with India not only in economics but also in education and people to people exchange. India- Indonesia bilateral trade have grown over the past few years from $ 4 billion to almost $ 13 billion in 2011 and is expected to grow to $ 20 billion by the year 2015. His Excellency also indicated that soft power diplomacy in terms of cultural exchange could be strengthen. Indian films are widely watched, Indian food and a large Indian population in Indonesia, economically well off, can play a major role in strengthening the ties.
The ambassador emphasised the importance of India in the region and the two largest democracies coupled with growing economy can seek further cooperation and he sees India as the potential leader of the world and place ASEAN in the global community. However MOUs are only signed document and we need to work out how to implement it. Talking about the Centre of Excellence and particularly about the Centre for Foreign Policy and Security Studies the ambassador believes that such centres could work together to appreciate the prospect and challenges and provide better understanding of the vital areas of convergence. He looks forward to signing several MOUs particularly in the area of Education wherein he emphasised six areas.
1. Exchange of research materials, publication etc.
2. Training programme
3. Exchange of scholars, teachers and students
4. Seeking commonality of qualifications
5. Promote Indonesian and Indian studies respectively
6. Cooperation in area of Information technology, computer and Mathematic science.
Finally the Ambassador emphasised on good partnership with neighbour especially India and looks forward to Universities like GNLU to help improve mutual understanding and cooperation towards common goal.
The Director GNLU, Bimal Patel and William Nunes, Head of Centre for Foreign Policy and Security Studies feel that such exchange will not only bring nations to understand the area of convergence in Security, Education, Cultural and Economy but is also important steps toward developing better relations with neighbouring countries of the region. Prof. Bimal Patel suggested that GNLU proposes to work out a plan of action where in students as well as teachers from Indonesian universities could visit GNLU and vice-versa.
Indo-Singapore Bilateral Relations Reaching New Heights of India’s Look East Policy – Visit by the Singapore Consul-General, Monday, 25 July 2011
Mr. Lin Chung Ying, Consul-General, Singapore High Commission, Mumbai, and Ms Chan Kah Mei, First Secretary (Economic Affairs), Singapore High Commission visited the GNLU today and delivered a lecture on the Indo-Singapore Bilateral Relations to the GNLU community, under the auspices of the GNLU Centre on Foreign Policy and Security Studies (GCFPSS).
Mr. Lin stated that the bilateral relations has a history of more than 200 years since the time it was once a fishing village and when Sir Raffles landed with the Indian sepoys in 1819. The Indians who settled there as plantation workers and the influx of other Indian played an important role in the creation of modern Singapore as they contributed in the forms of administrative and technical staff, laborers, business people etc. He also emphasised the role Singapore played in India’s liberation movement as it was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose who revitalized Indian nationalism on the shore of Singapore.
Lee Kuan Yew the first prime minister of Singapore admired Nehru and was also committed to secularism and democratic socialism. However, India-Singapore relations were marked more extraneous factors because of Singapore’s leaning towards the West and India’s leaning towards the then former Soviet Union. Furthermore, the bilateral relations marked low ebb especially because of India’s stand on the Viet Nam and Cambodian issues. However, despite this, Lee Kuan Yew as well as his successors believed that India can and should follow an activist policy towards South East Asia as it is vital for counterbalancing China.
Following the Paris Peace Accord India-Singapore relations changed and this was marked by Singapore’s’ role in making India a sectoral dialogue partner and latter a full dialogue partner of the ASEAN. Subsequent to the visit of the heads of state, India and Singapore cooperation reached a new height in the culmination of Comprehensive Economic Co-operation Agreement (CECA) in 2005. Highlighting the benefits of the CECA and the significant bilateral trade which has substantially grown from US$ 15 billion in 2005 to US$ 30 billion by the end of 2010. Furthermore, Singapore is the second largest FDI investor in India and has played an important role in setting up the IT Park in Bangalore.
India and Singapore have also signed defence agreement in terms of joint Naval anti-submarine exercise and also joint military exercise. The relations are also marked by the setting of Joint Ministerial Committee, the establishment of India-Singapore Parliamentary Forum and Indo-Singapore Strategic Dialogue forum. The effort of Singapore is to bring about more people to people and also exchange of academician, business people to foster greater understanding between the two countries – Track II diplomacy. It also plans to set up an Indian Heritage Centre in Singapore and aims at linking the South Asian Diaspora.
Mr. Lin also emphasized on CECA which is due for review in September, 2011. He stated that there are 4000 Indian companies in Singapore and stated reasons as to what Singapore has to offer.
1. It is strategically located and logistically it is the gateway to South East Asia and also the globe.
2. It has FDAs with many countries. The partners cover nearly one half of the world’s GDP.
3. FDAs provides industries access to large chunk of global trade and it is able to interact with thousand of European, American and Japanese company
Finally, the common factor that brings Singapore close to India is the rise of China and Singapore’s strategic and important role in the South East Asia. He then highlighted the importance of Indian population in Singapore and how they have integrated themselves into the new culture. He also indicated that the work of Sunanda K. Datta Ray clears the perception of India vis-à-vis Singapore succinctly brought out in the book entitled, “Looking East to Look West: Lee Kuan Yew’s Mission India”. The book, clearly underlines the bilateral relations as, ‘the journey from the sunlit peak of hope into the valley of dark despair, and now towards the radiance of a new dawn’.
Director Bimal Patel, GNLU, welcomed the visiting delegation and appraised about GNLU’s holistic approach to legal education covering teaching, research, extension and training. Consul-General Lin and Director Patel discussed exchange of students and faculty members, setting up of joint study group. Director Patel invited and encouraged high level participation of representatives of various sectors which have direct or indirect stake in the Global Maritime Security and Anti-Piracy Conference which will be held by the GNLU in November 2011.
Indo-USA Relations – Nine Months after President Obama Visit-Sunday, 21 August 2011
Gujarat National Law University and the Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA), New Delhi, invite you to a joint Seminar on the Indo-USA Relations – Nine Months after President Obama visit to India on Sunday, 21 August 2011, from 1030-1230 hours at the GNLU, E-4, Electronics Estate, GIDC, Sector 26, Gandhinagar.
The Seminar aims to critically and systematically analyse the developments and issues that have occurred in the foreign relations between India and the USA since the visit of President Obama in November 2010. The Seminar will focus on four areas ONLY, namely, terrorism, energy, health and good governance.
‘The Dynamics and Intricacies of Indo-Australian Bilateral Relations Revisited’ His Excellency Mr. Peter Varghese AO, Australian High Commissioner to India addresses GNLU on Indo-Australian Diplomacy, Monday, 3rd October 2011.
International peace has an inseparable nexus with globally symbiotic relationships among the members of the world. Under the auspices of the ‘Distinguished Ambassador Lecture Series’ an initiative of the GNLU Centre for Foreign Policy and Security Studies, GNLU deemed its utmost honour in hosting His Excellency Mr. Peter Varghese AO, Australian High Commissioner to India who addressed the august gathering on the dynamics and the intricacies of ‘Indo-Australian Bilateral Relations’ this Monday, 3rd October 2011. H.E Ms. Avryl Lattin, Deputy Consul General, Australian Deputy Consulate General and Mr. Jinendra Khara, Business Development Manager, Australian Trade Commission also graced the occasion.
Mr. Bimal N Patel, Director, GNLU, in his welcome address highlighted various avenues of Indo- Australian collaborations that could possibly augment profound bilateral relations between these two major players in the world arena. GNLU expressed interests in having ties in the areas of sports law between the University of Queensland and the GNLU, joint research projects and emphasized the need and encouraged the High Commissioner to motivate more and more Australian students to visit Indian institutions. Director Patel mentioning that seeing is believing, informed the audience that GNLU has invited Australian students and institutions for Study Tour of India.
His Excellency Mr. Peter Varghese AO, in his intellectually-enriching key note address discussed the nature of the volatile dynamics of Indo-Australian Foreign Diplomatic Relations. He remarked that “… so far, there is nothing in the trajectory of India that is against pro- Australian interests” and that, on the other hand, there is a convergence of interests over various issues in the global sphere in what he termed “…cordial yet largely underdeveloped relationship between the two nations”. Commenting on the intricacies of the Sino-Indian dynamics in the international arena, H.E Mr. Varghese wittily remarked that ‘India is a settling point of relations and not an Anti- China chess piece on anybody’s chess board’. Further, he went on to shed some light on the economic, political and strategic facets of Indo-Australian relations and the profound impact of the same at World Forums like G-20 etc. Also, he maintained that Australia wholeheartedly supports India’s stance on her efforts in the direction of permanent membership at the UN Security Council.
Thereafter, another key issue discussed was that of ‘Maritime Security’ as Australia being an island nation and the Indian Ocean being a major exchange gateway. He also appreciated GNLU’s new venture of organizing the Global Maritime Security and Anti- Piracy Conference 2011 from 25- 27th November, 2011 which would open floodgates of Regional and International Cooperation on this quintessential concern. He sympathized with the victims of violence on the Indian Diaspora but reiterated the utmost commitment of the Government of Australia to ensure internal security and safety for all. Conclusively, he said that the rise of India is not a cause of anxiety but a cause for celebration for the world at large progressing towards stronger global democratization and emphasized on the role of the Indian Diaspora in Australia in strengthening ties between the two nations.
All in all, this momentous occasion, of the visit of the Australian High Commissioner and the other delegates at the Gujarat National Law University, marks the onset of renewed strategic and peaceful ties between these two nations that would open newer vistas for further cultural, economic, strategic and intellectual collaborations and exchanges between the two key player nations in the dynamic international arena.
Dr. William Nunes Dr. Aruna Kumar Malik
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